For as long as there has been what we now know as classic rock, women have played a big part in its development and success. As early as the late '60s, artists like Grace Slick and Janis Joplin were fronting A-list bands, and shortly thereafter the genre began to see its first all-female bands, such as The Runaways, and Fanny.
Throughout the '70s and early '80s more and more women became bona fide rock stars, paving the way for more female artists to rise to the top in the rock genre.
Some were a major influence on artists of their generation and the next, some were a major influence on the success of the bands with which they worked. And all excelled at creating and performing rock music, as songwriters, instrumentalists and singers.
This is our list (in alphabetical rather than any sort of "rank" order) of women in rock whose influence is still being felt today.
One of the first women associated with hard rock, Pat Benatar's rise from bank teller to arena rock star was meteoric. Success began with her first album, In the Heat of the Night in 1979. Her second album, Crimes of Passion put her in an ideal position to become one of the first and most frequently played artists on MTV when it launched in 1981. First album: In the Heat of the Night (1979)
Styles: rock, hard rock
Best known song: "Hit Me With Your Best Shot"
Discography: 12 studio albums, two live albums, one EP
Other pursuits: author
After spending much of the '70s trying unsuccessfully to form or permanently join a band, Chrissie Hynde finally got her demo tape to a record label owner whose backing enabled her to put together the The Pretenders. On the strength their self-titled debut album in 1979, the band rode rock's new wave movement through the '80s, succeeding in spite of internal conflict and numerous personnel changes.
First album: Pretenders (1979)
Styles: alt rock, new wave, punk
Specialty: singer-songwriter, guitarist
Best known song: "Back on the Chain Gang"
Discography: (Pretenders) nine studio albums, two live albums, one EP
Distinction: Has been a member of Pretenders since its formation in 1978
Other pursuits: animal rights activist, restaurateur
After success in the mid '70s with one of the first all-female rock bands, The Runaways, Joan Jett went on to even greater success with her own band, The Blackhearts. Their first album, I Love Rock 'n' Roll in 1981 became an immediate hit. In addition to her talent as a vocalist, Jett has distinguished herself as a guitarist, songwriter and producer.
First album: Joan Jett (1980)
Styles: hard rock, punk
Specialty: singer-songwriter, guitarist
Best known song: "I Love Rock 'n' Roll"
Discography: (including solo, The Runaways, Joan Jett and The Blackhearts) 16 studio albums, one live album
Other pursuits: actress, producer, radio host
First album: Big Brother and the Holding Company (1967)
Styles: psychedelic, hard rock, blues
Best known song: "Piece Of My Heart"
Discography: (including Big Brother and the Holding Company, Kozmic Blues Band, Full Tilt Boogie Band) four studio albums, two live albums
Artists influenced: Stevie Nicks, Nancy Wilson and Ann Wilson (Heart), Chrissie Hynde, Joan Jett
Stevie Nicks established herself as a major vocal and songwriting talent with Fleetwood Mac, who she joined in 1975. While still a member of the band, she also launched a solo career in 1981. Artists in various genres have cited Nicks as a major influence on their music.
First album: Fleetwood Mac (1975)
Styles: rock, blues rock, soft rock
Specialty: singer-songwriter, keyboardist
Best known song: "Dreams"
Discography: (including solo, Fleetwood Mac, Buckingham Nicks) 16 studio albums, three live albums
Artists influenced: Sheryl Crow, Courtney Love, Taylor Swift, Dixie Chicks, Michelle Branch, Mary J. Blige, Kelly Clarkson, Tori Amos
Suzi Quatro was the first female bass guitarist to become a major rocker. Her sister, Patti Quatro had blazed the trail as a member of Fanny, one of the first all-female rock bands to sign with a major label. A long list of artists cite Suzi as a major influence on their work, including two who are also on this list: Joan Jett and Chrissie Hynde. She got her first big break in the UK in 1971 when she came to the attention of producer Mickie Most, who had also nurtured artists like The Animals, Jeff Beck Group, Donovan and Herman's Hermits. She started getting attention her native America when she had a recurring role on the TV series, Happy Days, and released "Stumblin' In" -- a duet with British vocalist Chris Norman in 1978.
First album: Suzy Quatro (1973)
Styles: rock, hard rock, garage rock
Specialty: singer, songwriter, bassist
Best known songs: "Can the Can" / "48 Crash" / "Devil Gate Drive" / "Stumblin' In"
Discography: 16 studio albums, one live albums
Artists influenced: Joan Jett, The Runaways, Chrissie Hynde, Tina Weymouth
Other pursuits: actress, record producer, radio host
Grace Slick's sometimes haunting voice and "let it all hang out" lifestyle (she once removed her blouse on stage and performed topless because of the hot weather) made her a perfect fit for psychedelic rock pioneers Jefferson Airplane (and its successors, Jefferson Starship and Starship.) As a songwriter, Slick was responsible for two of the band's best known songs, "White Rabbit" and "Somebody to Love." She retired from the music business in 1989 and began painting and drawing professionally.
First album: Surrealistic Pillow (1967)
Styles: psychedelic, hard rock, blues rock
Specialty: singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist
Best known song: "Somebody To Love" / "White Rabbit" /
Discography: (including solo, Jefferson Airplane, Jefferson Starship, Starship, The Great Society and with Paul Kantner) 27 studio albums
Artists influenced: Patti Smith, Stevie Nicks
Other pursuits: artist, former model
She has been nicknamed "Godmother of Punk" but the artists Patti Smith has influenced run the gamut from U2 to Shirley Manson. Her classic debut album, Horses (1975) has found a place on "greatest albums" lists of magazines like Rolling Stone, Time, and NME. In addition to performing, she is also a prolific author and social activist.
First album: Horses (1975)
Styles: punk, art rock
Best known song: "Because The Night" (co-written with Bruce Springsteen)
Discography: 12 studio albums, three live albums, two EPs, one spoken word album
Artists influenced: U2, Michael Stipe (R.E.M.), Shirley Manson (Garbage), Sonic Youth, The Smiths
Other pursuits: author, poet, social activist
Nancy Wilson, Ann Wilson
When Heart came along in 1973, it soon became clear that two attractive women (sisters, no less) fronting a rock band was way more than just a young man's fantasy. After their debut album, Dreamboat Annie in 1975, Ann and, with Heart, Nancy Wilson have had Top 10 albums in every decade since.
First album: Dreamboat Annie (1976)
Styles: folk rock, hard rock, progressive rock
Specialty: Ann - lead singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, Nancy - guitarist, songwriter
Discography: (including two solo albums - one each by Ann and Nancy) 14 studio albums, five live albums
Best known songs: "Magic Man" / "Crazy On You" / "Barracuda"
Endurance: In every decade since the '70s Heart have had albums in the Top 10