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Anti-war protest songs of the '60s and '70s

Popular songs about an unpopular war

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The Vietnam war was a dominant musical theme in the '60s and '70s. Anti-war songs were much in evidence at the Woodstock festival in 1969, and were an integral part of virtually ever anti-war protest march and rally.

Many of these songs were banned from mainstream radio stations, but found the perfect audience on the the so-called "underground" or "alternative" FM stations that played the albums that became what we know today as classic rock.

I think these are some of the best examples of the many anti-war protest songs of the era. You're invited to add yours to the list.

"2 + 2 = ?" - The Bob Seger System

Bob Seger System 2+2=?
Capitol Records

All I know is that I'm young and your rules they are old
If I've got to kill to live
Then there's something left untold
I'm no statesman I'm no general
I'm no kid I'll never be
It's the rules not the soldier
That I find the real enemy

Allmusic calls it "a ferocious antiwar song." Released as a single in 1968, then included on The Bob Seger System's Ramblin' Gamblin' Man in 1969, "2+2=?" speaks unflinchingly from the perspective of someone whose high school buddy went to Vietnam and is now "buried in the mud" in "foreign jungle land."

Listen to "2+2=?"

"21st Century Schizoid Man" - King Crimson

King Crimson 21st Century Schizoid Man
Discipline Us

Blood rack barbed wire
Politicians' funeral pyre
Innocents raped with napalm fire
Twenty first century schizoid man

The lead track on King Crimson's 1969 debut album, In the Court of the Crimson King made a powerful ani-war statement using a series of disconnected phrases which, taken together, formed an image of the Vietnam war: a conflict started and perpetuated by politicians, in which many innocent civilians died.

Listen to "21st Century Schizoid Man"

"Bring 'Em Home" - Pete Seeger

Pete Seeger Bring Them Home If You Love Your Uncle Sam
Appleseed Recordings

If you love your Uncle Sam
Bring 'em home, bring 'em home
Support our boys in Vietnam
Bring 'em home, bring 'em home

It'll make our generals sad, I know
Bring 'em home, bring 'em home
They want to tangle with the foe
Bring 'em home, bring 'em home

Pete Seeger is one of those artists who crossed genre lines with his strong anti-war sentiments, and was welcomed with open arms on the "alternative" stations that would play songs mainstream radio wouldn't touch. "Bring 'Em Home" is just one example of many anti-war protest songs written and/or recorded by Seeger.

Watch a live performance of "Bring 'Em Home"

"Draft Resister" / "Monster" - Steppenwolf

Steppenwolf Draft Resister
MCA Records

Don't forget the draft resisters and their silent, lonely plea
When they march them off to prison, they will go for you and me

Shame, disgrace and all dishonor, wrongly placed upon their heads
Will not rob them of the courage which betrays the innocent

Steppenwolf didn't shy away from tough subjects like drugs ("The Pusher") or street violence ("Gang War Blues") and, they took on two of the most controversial anti-war sentiments. "Draft Resister" was on their 1969 Monster album, whose title song took a few more swings at those they blamed for the war:

We don't know how to mind our own business
'cause the whole world's got to be just like us
Now we are fighting a war over there
No matter who's the winner, we can't pay the cost
'Cause there's a monster on the loose
it's got our heads into the noose
And it just sits there, watching

Listen to a live performance of "Draft Resister"

Listen to a live performance of "Monster"

"Eve of Destruction" - Barry McGuire

Barry McGuire Eve of Destriction
Universal Import

You're old enough to kill but not for votin'
You don't believe in war, but what's that gun you're totin'
And even the Jordan river has bodies floatin'
But you tell me over and over and over again my friend
Ah, you don't believe we're on the eve of destruction

Had it not been for the hastily written (by P.F. Sloan) and hastily recorded (in one take) "Eve of Destruction" Barry McGuire's musical legacy may well have consisted solely of having once been one of the anonymous voices in the ensemble folk group, The New Christy Minstrels. It turned out that the time (late 1965) was right for the lyrically and vocally powerful warning about war's destructive results.

Watch a live performance of "Eve of Destruction"

"Find the Cost of Freedom" / "Ohio" - Crosby Stills Nash & Young

Crosby Stills & Nash - Ohio, Find the Cost of Freedom
Rhino / Atlantic

Find the cost of freedom
Buried in the ground
Mother Earth will swallow you
Lay your body down

"Ohio" was the A-side, "Find the Cost of Freedom" the B-side of a Crosby Stills Nash & Young single in 1970. Stephen Stills orginally wrote the haunting "Find the Cost of Freedom" for the movie Easy Rider but it didn't make it onto the soundtrack. Neil Young wrote "Ohio" after student protesters were shot and killed by National Guard troops at sn anti-war rally at Kent State University.

Tin soldiers and Nixon coming
We're finally on our own
This summer I hear the drumming
Four dead in Ohio

Listen to a live performance of "Find the Cost of Freedom"

Listen to "Ohio"

"Fortunate Son" - Creedence Clearwater Revival

Creedence Clearwater Revival CCR WIlly and the Poor Boys
Fantasy Records

Some folks are born made to wave the flag
They're red, white and blue
And when the band plays "Hail To The Chief"
They point the cannon at you

CCR's 1969 recording of John Fogerty's "Fortunate Son" was released as the war in Vietnam was dominating every TV and radio newscast, and the thoughts of virtually every draft-eligible American male. The title referred to those few young men whose families were sufficiently politically connected so as to avoid either combat duty or the draft altogether. The lyric is delivered from the perspective of the large majority: those who were not "fortunate sons" and who had gone (or would be going soon) to war.

Listen to "Fortunate Son"

"Give Peace a Chance" / "Imagine" - John Lennon

John Lennon - Give Peace a Chance, Imagine
Capitol Records

Everybody's talkin' 'bout
Bagism, shagism, dragism, madism, ragism, tagism
This-ism, that-ism, ism ism ism
All we are saying is give peace a chance
All we are saying is give peace a chance

John Lennon took a "soft sell" approach, avoiding the graphic images of war or scathing attacks on politicians that were common in Vietnam-era protest songs. "Give Peace a Chance" was Lennon's first solo single, released in 1969. Two years later, "Imagine" was the title song on his second solo album. From then until now, both songs have endured as the most widely recognized anti-war anthems.

Imagine there's no countries
It isn't hard to do
Nothing to kill or die for
No religion, too
Imagine all the people
Living life in peace

Watch a live performance of "Give Peace a Chance"

Watch a live performance of "Imagine"

"Handsome Johnny" - Richie Havens

Richie Havens - Handsome Johnny
Polydor Records

Hey, look yonder, tell me what you see
Marching to the fields of Vietnam
It looks like Handsome Johnny with an M15
Marching to the Vietnam war, hey marching to the Vietnam war

Richie Havens electrified the crowd at Woodstock in 1969 with his soulful rendition of "Handsome Johnny" after it first appeared on his third album, Mixed Bag in 1967. The song was the brainchild of Louis Gossett, Jr. (before a became an Oscar-winning actor) who co-wrote it with Havens.

Watch live performace of "Handsome Johnny" at Woodstock

"I Ain't Marching Anymore" - Phil Ochs

Phil Ochs I Ain't Marching Anymore
Hannibal Records

It's always the old to lead us to the war
It's always the young to fall
Now look at all we've won with the saber and the gun
Tell me is it worth it all
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Phil Ochs literally made a career out of writing and singing protest songs. "I Ain't Marching Anymore" is one of his best known (along with "Draft Dodger Rag," "War is Over" and "There But For Fortune" to name just a few.) In all, Ochs recorded eight albums of what he called "topical" songs between 1964 and 1975, before committing suicide at age 35 in 1976.

Listen to a live performance of "I Ain't Marching Anymore"

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